Almonds Cultivation is known as dry fruits. Its tree is medium-sized, in which fragrant flowers of pink and white colour come out. This tree is found in mountainous areas. The trunk of this tree is thick, and the leaves are long, broad and soft. Almonds are known as a rich and knowledge-enhancing fruit. It is used in many types of food and food items. It is also used for commercial exchange. Oil is also extracted from its seeds, which are used for food and Ayurvedic medicines. Consuming almonds also gets rid of many diseases.
Almond trees also look like other trees usually. But after planting its tree once, it gives yield for about 50 years. Almond cultivation is done in places with humid tropical climates. Its plants do not require much rain. P.H. of the land in the cultivation of almonds.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
For its cultivation, such soil should be in which organic matter is plentiful, well-drained, and fertile. It cannot be cultivated in waterlogged land. The value should be between 5 and 8. And Eicher 380 tractor is an excellent model for accomplishing
The humid tropical climate is considered suitable for the cultivation of almonds. In India, almond trees are grown in cold states like Kashmir. Both its plants and fruits grow well in cold climates. Almond plants can tolerate even 2 degrees of temperature during flowering, but after staying at this temperature for a long time, the flowers start getting spoiled.
Before cultivating almonds, the field should be prepared well because once its plants are planted, they give fruit for 40 to 50 years. Therefore, the field should be well ploughed before producing the plants in the area. After this, drive the cultivator, do two to three deep ploughing of the field, then find out and get it started. This will make the area completely flat.
Plants prepared from almond seeds start giving fruit in about 8 years. At the same time, the plants designed with the help of a pen start giving fruits between three to four years. Moreover, the Eicher 380 is the best tractor model for farming purposes.
By preparing the plants from the pen in the nursery, it would be better for you to buy them from a government-registered nursery and plant them in the field. This will save you time, and you will not have to work hard.
Almond plants were planted in the pits prepared a month ago in the field. If you have bought plants from a nursery, remember that the plants should be one year old. Plants should be healthy and branched. Plants are planted by making a small pit in the prepared holes. Before planting the plants, these pits made inside the cavities should be treated with cow urine or Bavistin.
Due to this, there is no problem in the germination of plants, and the plant remains disease free. After this, plant the plants in those pits and press them well with the soil. It is considered reasonable to transplant almond plants between November and December. Because during this time, the environment remains friendly to the plants, which also grow well.
Irrigation & Fertiliser
Almond plants do not require much irrigation. This is because its plants do not need much water in the beginning to grow. Therefore, watering twice a week in the summer and once in the winter is sufficient. But 5 to 8 irrigations are required in a year when the plant is fully developed. Therefore, the drip method is considered the best for irrigation of almond plants.
Almond plants require a sufficient amount of fertiliser to grow well. When the pits are being prepared to give the proper amount of fertiliser, at that time, about 20 to 25 kg of old cow dung should be mixed well with the soil and filled in the holes. In addition, 100 grams should be given to the plants in three years. After this, when the plants start bearing fruit, the amount of fertiliser should be increased according to the need.
Almonds are harvested in the fall after they are fully ripe. Its plants start giving whole fruits after 5 to 7 years. In this, the fruits are ready to ripen after 8 months of flowering. When the colour of almond kernels changes from green to yellow, those kernels start falling on their own if they are not broken for a long time. After plucking, the fruits are dried in shady places. And the kernels have dried, they are cracked, and the almond kernel is removed from them.
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