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Different Types Of Bariatric Surgeries You Should Be Aware Of

If you are overweight or an obese individual suffering from excess body fat. You will most likely choose a bariatric or weight loss surgery. This is simply because changing your diet or engaging in exercises never worked for you, or you are trying to lose weight faster.

Are you unsure about the type of bariatric surgery you should opt for? We got you covered! Read below to find out.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

A sleeve gastrectomy is also known as “sleeve” is a non-reversible surgery in which about 80 – 85% of the stomach is removed to make it much smaller. Then, the remaining part of the stomach is stapled together.

The purpose of this surgery is to limit the amount of food intake as the size of the stomach is much smaller post-surgery and cannot hold much food. Hence, you get fuller soon. The functioning of the hunger hormone ghrelin is also reduced, which decreases your desire to eat.

This surgery can be undertaken by those with severe obesity and requires only a shorter hospital stay.

Gastric banding

This is a reversible surgery in which an adjustable silicone belt is positioned around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small pouch above the band.

The silicone band is fixed to a small gadget which is replaced underneath the skin. This gadget serves in adjusting the size of the opening by injecting it with fluids such as a salt-water solution, as this surgery does not require any local anesthetic.

This too is a restrictive surgery that limits food intake, thus increasing fullness faster.

Image source: Pexels

Gastric bypass

This is one of the most common surgical procedures for weight loss, in which a small pouch is created in the stomach by stapling it. Then a loop of the small intestine is attached to this pouch. This is to ensure the food passes through the pouch avoiding the large part of the stomach and then enters the small intestine directly.

Also known as omega loop bypass, this is both a restrictive and malabsorptive surgical treatment. After undergoing this surgery, your stomach’s capacity to hold food reduces. The absorption of food is limited as well, enabling quicker weight loss.

Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch

This operation consists of two separate procedures. The first procedure is similar to how sleeve gastrectomy is carried out. The second procedure involves attaching the end part of the small intestine to the duodenum in which the majority of the small intestine is bypassed.

This surgery makes you feel less hungry and increases fullness while eating. As well as limits the absorption of calories and minerals.

It also enables you to lose weight faster when compared to the above-mentioned bariatric surgeries.

Intra-gastric balloon

This is another weight loss surgery carried out by placing an air-filled silicone balloon into your stomach with the aid of a narrow tube that passes through your mouth and is removed after six months. There are two types of balloons namely single and dual balloons. You have to choose depending on the size of your stomach.

Even after this surgery, the fullness temporarily increases faster and helps you lose weight by limiting food intake.

Take note that this information is clearly for educational purposes. Talk to your surgeon about the pros and cons of weight-loss surgeries and which one best suits your type of body. Also, disclose your medication history and other relevant details, so that you will be provided with the right information.

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